Power

Why are we bothered about power?

When we ask people to discuss ‘what influence means’ they tend to come up with a great long list which usually includes things like:

  • Being able to challenge
  • Being listened to
  • Control

The frameworks in the Axis of Influence series encourage you to think about how you can become more influential and ask questions about these aspects of influence:

  • What would help us to challenge?
  • Why are some people listened to and others not?
  • Who has control?

The ensuing discussion may include conversations about status, gender, discrimination, disadvantage, lack of confidence, bullying, manipulation, lack of knowledge about where to go to get the information we need.

Already we can see that the balance of power is dependent on many different things and that conversations about influence can become very complex very quickly!

If you are working with any of the frameworks in the Axis of Influence series it is vital to have an understanding of power and how it ‘fits’ into conversations about influence, so that you are prepared for the discussions that may take place.

Influencing in empowering ways

All of the frameworks in the Axis of Influence series are concerned with influencing in empowering ways.

This makes it important to explore what we mean by ‘empowering’. It is one of those words which we all use (and which many use in a casual throwaway fashion) but rarely ask each other about. There are often assumptions that we know what it means and very little rigour to ensure that it actually happens.

Quite often an easier starting point is for people to consider what we mean by ‘disempowering’ ways of working and trhat feels.

Disempowering ways of working and how people feel

When we ask people what makes them feel disempowered, they say things we can relate to, for example: people not listening,  finger-pointing, being put down, bullying, impenetrable bureaucracy. It is not hard to imagine how they feel: that they can’t be bothered, de-motivated, angry, depressed, worthless. The next step can be to think about how organisations and structures themselves can be disempowering to both their staff and those they are serving in some way or other.

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Frameworks in the Axis of Influence series prompt conversations about disempowering behaviour and organisational structures – which in turn raise questions like: who has the power to change these? In whose interests is it to change these? You need to be prepared for this.

Stuck in the middle

We can get caught in the middle – in different ways – it doesn’t matter which sector we are in! This can have a major impact on how influential people feel:

  • People representing organisations and their members on partnership boards, for example can get caught between what they really want to say and what will be heard by other people. In this scenario, they are trying to maintain their own power and the power of their organisation, whilst recognising and working with other people’s power. For people working in the voluntary sector this experience can be recognised as what some have called  the ‘tempered radical’, a term which recognises the tension between speaking out and conforming.
  • People working in the public sector can feel stuck too. For example, staff whose job role is specifically about supporting communities to influence their organisation. Perhaps a Police Authority which employs community engagement officers to support ‘local liaison groups’ to influence the policing plan. Is the Authority really geared up to listen and respond? Is the officer ‘biting the hand that feeds’?

In workshops focusing on different frameworks in the Axis of Influence series, we often look at a couple of definitions of ‘power’ to prompt debate. Having an understanding of, and healthy interest in, ‘power’ is an essential part of understanding how influence happens, and in supporting others to engage with the whole ‘influence’ agenda.

Power can be seen as…“The ability to shape outcomes”. (Morriss 2006) ‘Ability’ is linked to skills, knowledge, confidence, position, authority, and information that people have in different situations. This ‘ability’ is grounded in…

Institutional power The power given to people by being part of a particular organisation which has specific powers – they are authorised to act on behalf of it: police, teachers, social services

Bureaucratic power Power and authority given to people through the position they occupy in an organisation: civil servants, council officers

Structural power The power people have by belonging to particular groups in society. The status and power gained through class, income, race/ethnicity, gender

Also there are political power, economic power, charismatic power and so on.

How much power do we have?

Some people think that all that stops us are the limits we place on ourselves. Others think that what we can achieve is shaped by society; individuals are limited by things which are bigger than one person.

Capture power continuum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The more realistic position is somewhere in the middle; we have some choices and these are always limited by the cultures, norms and structures in society. However, once there is a safe space to talk about these things, people start to recognise it’s ‘not just me’- there are patterns, explanations and analysis to be considered and explored.

Power over and power with

We can either dominate people or situations through force or manipulation (power over) or work together collaboratively (power with) in order to obtain the power to shape the effect or outcome we want. It often seems that the usual state of affairs for our society is the ‘power over’ idea; individuals and groups are set up in competition with each other – for resources, jobs, status and so on. It is, again, seen as normal – it is what we are brought up with. People may only having this one understanding/interpretation of ‘power’ and the way things operate – what we are suggesting is a different outlook

 

Capture power with

Capture power over

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Read some more about power

This is a ‘pick up and think’ resource. It’s an explanation and exploration of where ‘changes’ is coming from in our work around community development, community empowerment and community influence. It brings together 15+ years of our experience – and many more from those who have inspired us – into something which we find helpful in our quest to interpret the world around us and the complexity of the power relationships between people and organisations.